Today, blemishes can not only be concealed cosmetically, but also completely corrected with the help of an operation. This radical method includes rhinoplasty aimed at changing the shape of the nose. What are the indications for this procedure and how is it performed? The following information will help you with this.
If you are not happy with a hump or a nose with potatoes, it is within your power to change them - the size and shape can be corrected by learning what rhinoplasty is. This procedure was first carried out at the beginning of the last century and after a successful result gained great popularity. Medicine does not stand still either, and therefore various types of rhinoplasty have appeared, each of which is safe and requires minimal care afterward. Rhinoplasty is performed in plastic surgery clinics and involves changing the bone and cartilage framework after skin removal.
Types of rhinoplasty
Nose surgery cannot be prescribed for aesthetic reasons, since the work of the respiratory organ is often disrupted, which can only be changed with the help of surgeons. For whatever purpose rhinoplasty is performed, it is divided into 2 types:
- Open minded. It is performed after an incision on the columella, i. H. parts between the nostrils. Indicated for cleft palate or lip. It is often performed in the case of pronounced deformity, revision rhinoplasty and for the insertion of implants.
- Closed. It is used by most surgeons who act on the mucous membrane and correct mistakes with the help of hidden incisions. The stitches of such a rhinoplasty remain invisible.
Modern technologies have led to the emergence of non-surgical rhinoplasty, which does not require you to get under the surgeon's knife. The following types of such a procedure are distinguished:
- Injection. It is aimed at correcting minor flaws by inserting special preparations based on hyaluronic acid or silicone with a thin needle.
- Threads Aptos. They help correct the shape of the tip of the nose and its wings. The doctor tightens the tissue with small punctures.
- Laser. It is a softening of the cartilage with a laser and gives the body the desired shape. It falls between surgical and non-surgical rhinoplasty.
Plastic surgery of the nose
With the direct intervention of the surgeon, rhinoplasty is also divided into several types:
- Plastic nostril. It aims to reduce those parts when they are too big.
- fix tip. Aesthetic flaws are corrected, for example, in the case of snub noses.
- Columella surgery. It is performed to narrow or build up the cartilage of the nasal septum between the nostrils.
- Rhinoplasty. Back defects in the form of bumps or chamfers are corrected.
- septorhinoplasty. It is performed as medically indicated to restore normal breathing.
- electrocoagulation. Changes in the mucous membrane are corrected by exposure to an electric current.
- Grafting. Cartilage build-up through transplants from the ears or the nasal septum.
- reconstructive. A secondary operation is performed to correct errors or eliminate the defects of the previous one.
Each person has his own form of bone and cartilaginous elements of the nose, therefore, during the preparation for the operation, modeling is carried out, i. e. H. Determine what needs to be corrected to get the perfect shape. The proportions of this organ directly affect the appearance - special attention is paid to the profile angle. It is formed by the line of the bridge of the nose and the straight line connecting the chin to the forehead. The ideal angle for this angle is 30 degrees.
The nasolabial angle is no less important - if it is less than 90 degrees, the tip appears to be hanging over the mouth. Appearance is also affected by the length and width of the respiratory organ, the type and placement of the nasal septum and tip, and the profile of the back. The surgeon takes into account all these nuances and decides how to perform the rhinoplasty based on the overall shape of the face, since the ratio of its parts is important for an ideal appearance.
When the correction appears
Indications for rhinoplasty can be both aesthetic and medical. The former are based on the desire to correct one or another shape of the nose in order to achieve a harmonious appearance and total satisfaction from the reflection in the mirror. The latter are more important, because in such cases a person's health depends on rhinoplasty - his normal breathing or recovery after a specific injury.
tip of the nose
Indications for tip rhinoplasty are the following factors:
- too wide or narrow nostrils;
- acquired or congenital curvature;
- upturned or drooping tip;
- the presence of injuries with a change in the shape of the nose;
- incorrect position of the nasal septum;
- distinct furrow at the apex.
straighten your back
Not everyone considers the hump on the nose to be an element of charm - more and more people are treating it as a blemish and trying to get rid of it by any means necessary. Rhinoplasty for back correction has not only aesthetic indications:
- Removal of the hump after a fall, impact, or car accident injury;
- Elimination of the consequences of a previous unsuccessful rhinoplasty.
Nose reduction surgery
The first reason people choose nose reduction surgery is dissatisfaction with their size. However, this is not the only reason why rhinoplasty is performed. Other indications for this operation are:
- asymmetry of the bridge of the nose;
- curvature of the septum internostril, which interferes with normal breathing;
- fractures or other injuries;
- Respiratory failure associated with a large nose.
Even with a strong desire to change part of their face, some people should not undergo rhinoplasty, since there are several contraindications:
- Age up to 20 years, as the facial bones are not yet fully developed;
- Age after 40 years, when complications increase;
- pathologies of the cardiovascular system;
- diabetes mellitus;
- kidney and liver diseases;
- poor blood clotting;
- inflammation in the nose;
- viral infections;
- oncological diseases.